Information Security

What is Digital Information?

Anything that can be seen or heard can be digitized, so databases can include music, motion pictures, or photographs of artworks. Some databases consist primarily of images, however, others can be mixed media.

Digital information is the information that is in a digital or an electronic form and is stored, manipulated, and displayed by computational tools. If you want to protect your personal data from being tracked, CryptoMize is here to help you.

digital information

Features of Digital Information


Digital information objects can be copied infinitely many times, often without losing any fidelity or quality.

Easily Shared

Digital information can be shared more easily than any type of analog information in the past.


A variety of different types of information can be represented digitally: images, movies, text, sound and even to control movement.

Difficult to Intercept

Interdiction of digital information is much more difficult than interdiction of a physical object carrying information.

What is Information Security?

information security

Information Security is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, alteration, inspection, recording, or destruction of information. As a result, Information Security encompasses a wide range of academic topics, including cryptography, mobile computing, cyber forensics, and online social media, among others.

Information Security programs are built around certain objectives:


means information is not disclosed to unauthorized individuals, entities, and processes. Confidentiality means that your data is safe.


means maintaining accuracy and completeness of data ensuring that that data remains intact. Integrity is at the core of everything we do.


Availability puts everything you need right where you need it – mobile and online. With the right information, you can make quick decisions.


means one party cannot deny receiving a message or a transaction nor can the other party deny sending a message or a transaction.


means verifying that users are who they say they are and that each input arriving at the destination is from a trusted source.


means that it should be possible to trace actions of an entity uniquely to that entity ensuring traceability.

How Insecure Information Can Impact Your Business?

There are many reasons why a business should do everything possible to prevent data breaches. But unfortunately, many businesses fail to do anything to protect their sensitive data, perhaps because they are unaware of the consequences of a breach.

Reputation Loss

The more sensitive the information, the bigger impact the breach will have on your company’s reputation. The company can lose loyal customers forever.

Increased Costs

Recovering from a data breach is incredibly expensive. According to a study, businesses should expect to pay around $221 per compromised record.

Affect Value

A data breach can affect the total value of the company. A business’s value can drop if it is discovered that the business’s data is not being protected properly.

Reduced Ability to Compete

If confidential information is leaked to the public or directly given to a competitor in the industry, it could affect the business’s ability to compete.

inforamtion security can

Need for Information Security

Companies have realized the need and importance of information security and taken steps to be included among organizations known to have the most secure IT infrastructure. Information security is critical to the success of any organization, for the following reasons.

Prevent data breach

Due to a large amount of data stored on company servers, businesses often become the main target of cyber-criminals if the network is unprotected. The breaches involving business secrets, confidential health information, and intellectual property can greatly impact the overall health of a business.

Prevent Credentials Loss

Data breaches and other cyber attacks are usually a result of lax authentication, weak passwords, and poor certificate or key management. Companies often struggle with assigning permissions to appropriate users, resulting in identity theft.

Avoid Account Hijacking

Companies relying on cloud services are especially at risk because they are an easy target for cybercriminals, who can eavesdrop on activities, modify data and manipulate transactions. These third-party applications can be used by attackers to launch other attacks as well.

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Web Application Security

It is a collection of a variety of processes, technologies or methods for protecting web servers, web applications and web services such as APIs from attack by Internet-based threats.

Identity Management

Identity Management security is an essential part of overall IT security that manages digital identities and user access to data, systems, and resources within an organization.

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What is Web Application Security?

  • 01Web application security is the idea of building websites to function as expected, even when they are under attack. The concept involves a collection of security controls engineered into a Web application to protect its assets from potentially malicious agents.
  • 02Web application security is the idea of building websites to function as expected, even when they are under attack. The concept involves a collection of security controls engineered into a Web application to protect its assets from potentially malicious agents.
  • 03In today's competitive marketplace, you need a powerful and effective online presence to differentiate yourself from your competition.
Application Security

Why is Web Application Security Important?

Finding Vulnerabilities

Web security testing aims to find security vulnerabilities in Web applications and their configuration. The primary target is the application layer (i.e., what is running on the HTTP protocol). Testing the security of a Web application often involves sending different types of input to provoke errors and make the system behave in unexpected ways. These so-called “negative tests” examine whether the system is doing something it isn’t designed to do.

Ensuring Security

It is important to understand that Web security testing is not only about testing the security features (e.g. authentication and authorization) that may be implemented in the application. It is equally important to test that other features are implemented in a secure way (e.g., business logic and the use of proper input validation and output encoding). The goal is to ensure that the functions exposed in the Web application are secure.



What is Identity Management?

Identity management ensures that authorized people have access to the technology resources they need to perform their job functions. It includes policies and technologies that encompass an organization-wide process to properly identify, authenticate, and authorize people, groups of people, or software applications through attributes including user access rights and restrictions based on their identities.

An identity management system prevents unauthorized access to systems and resources, helps prevent exfiltration of enterprise or protected data, and raises alerts and alarms when access attempts are made by unauthorized personnel or programs, whether from inside or outside the enterprise perimeter.

Why do we need Identity Management?

We Need Identity

Enhances Data Security

IAM can prevent the dissemination of compromised login credentials, prevent unauthorized access to a company's network as well as protect against hacking, ransomware, phishing and other types of cyberattacks.

Effective Access to Resources

SSO technology limits the number of interactions they have with security systems and increases the probability that they will succeed in their legitimate attempts to access resources.

Confidentiality of Data

By restricting access for those who don't need to use certain apps or files, organizations can better secure sensitive data as well as enable project managers to have a clearer picture of which users are associated with which projects.

Mitigating Insider Threat

A growing number of breaches is caused by insiders. IAM can limit the damage caused by malicious insiders, by ensuring users only have access to the systems they work with, and cannot escalate privileges without supervision.



Frequently Asked Questions

Information security is a problem that affects the whole company, not just the IT department. Central systems and the University network are both protected by IT. Much of the risk to IT resources, on the other hand, can only be controlled in the day-to-day operations of the units.
The CIA triad is a well-known information security paradigm that may help an organization's actions and policies to keep its data safe.
Confidentiality: Data should only be accessible to and modified by authorised users and processes.
Integrity: Data should be kept in a correct state, and no one should be able to change it inappropriately, either accidentally or maliciously.
Accessibility: Authorized users should have access to data whenever they need it.
An Information Security Policy (ISP) is a set of guidelines that govern how individuals use information technology assets. Businesses can establish information security policies to ensure that employees and other authorised users adhere to security protocols and procedures. Security policies are intended to ensure that sensitive systems and information are accessible only to authorised users.
The process of eliminating personal identifiers from data and replacing such identifiers with placeholder values is known as information pseudonymization. It is occasionally used to safeguard personal privacy or to improve data security. Pseudonymization, when combined with other critical privacy precautions such as encryption, can assist ensure user privacy.
Attackers that acquire access to your credential management system can issue credentials that make them an insider, potentially with the ability to corrupt systems undetectable.
Credential management mechanisms that are compromised necessitate the need to re-issue credentials, which can be an expensive and time-consuming operation.
Credential validation rates can fluctuate greatly and potentially outstrip the performance characteristics of a credential management system, putting business continuity at risk.
As business application owners' expectations for security and trust models rise, credential management may be exposed as a weak link that jeopardises compliance claims.
Controls for information security are steps used to mitigate information security risks such as system breaches, information theft, and unauthorised modifications to digital information or systems. These security measures are usually established in response to an information security risk assessment in order to assist safeguard the availability, confidentiality, and integrity of data and networks.4 basic forms of information security controls are:
Access control
Procedural control
Technical control
Compliance control

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