A Penetration test, colloquially known as a pen test, pen test or ethical hacking, is an authorized simulated cyberattack on a computer system, performed to evaluate the security of the system. Not to be confused with a vulnerability assessment. The test is performed to identify both weaknesses (also referred to as vulnerabilities), including the potential for unauthorized parties to gain access to the system’s features and data, as well as strengths, enabling a full risk assessment to be completed.
The Penetration test process typically identifies the target systems and a particular goal, then reviews available information and undertakes various means to attain that goal. A penetration test target may be a white box (which provides background and system information) or black box (which provides only basic or no information except the company name).
Penetration testers, also known as “ethical hackers,” are highly skilled security specialists that spend their days attempting to breach computer and network security systems. These testers work in the information technology (IT) field to ensure that those without authorization cannot access an organization’s data. They do this by trying to hack into networks to identify potential vulnerabilities in the system.
Penetration tester understand complex computer systems and technical cyber security terms. carry out remote testing of a client’s network or onsite testing of their infrastructure to expose weaknesses in security. plan and create penetration methods, scripts and tests. Carry out application, network, systems and infrastructure penetration tests. create reports and recommendations from his findings. advise on methods to fix or lower security risks to systems